In 2006, an exhibition was held in honor of Dorival Caymmi in the exhibition room of midialouca bookstore, in Rio Vermelho. Through records, scores, videos and thematic painting commissioned for the occasion, we intended to celebrate the artistic creation of one of the most notorious and brilliant Bahian artists. From this exhibition on, the expansion of the collection of objects that composes the museum's collection began. Dorival Caymmi himself received the exhibition poster from us, which is among his belongings carefully kept at the time of his death, at the Tom Jobim foundation, located in the Botanical Garden of Rio de Janeiro. The poster for our first exhibition is also included in the Caymmi iconography that appears on the website of the foundation that maintains its collection at jobim.org, along with a few other posters of Caymmi's life..

In 2007 we got a space that could house our bigger and growing collection in Terreiro de Jesus, at the Historical Center. After a brief period that served to inaugurate our collection with the name of the Museum of Brazilian Music, we partnered with the State Government through the Department of Culture/IPAC to occupy the property where we are today, with the museum's collection, which continued to grow.

In 2009 we inaugurated the Museum's new address, with a permanent exhibition of the main pieces of the collection, with equipment for listening to excerpts from works, two video rooms, etc.

The museum is divided into sections distributed over two floors of the house it occupies. An iron sculpture was made on the staircase, two “fish spines”, which are a timeline of Brazilian music, with the names of the main artists, giving an idea of ​​the period of performance of each one of them.

On the first floor, a vast collection of items related to Dorival Caymmi, which in addition to presenting all the work of the genius from Bahia, including a vast collection of 78-RPM records with all his initial phonograms, also has manuscripts by the composer, paintings and watercolors, etc. A room in the back houses the classical music collection.

Also part of the collection is a small collection of paintings by musicians , in addition to Dorival Caymmi. Nelson Sargento, João da Baiana, Monsueto, Heitor dos Prazeres, among other composers/singers who also were painters are represented in the collection.

The most comprehensive tour of Brazilian music as a whole begins chronologically with documents and rare records from Casa Edison, which marks the birth of the music industry in the country. Passing through the radio era, we came to some prominent names on the national scene, such as Ary Barroso, Noel Rosa and Pixinguinha. The collection also has specific sections focused on Bossa Nova, Samba, Brazilian instrumental music, Choro, the most mainstream MPB, Tropicália, and special sections on music from the Northeast.

Also Bahian music is highlighted, with a section that displays local music that was not spread around the country as general MPB, by artists with a more local presence, who generally made their careers mainly in the state of Bahia. And a special highlight for the “Fab Four” from Bahia: the Doces Barbaros (sweet barbarians) Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil, Maria Bethania and Gal Costa. The collection also has a number of rare books that have Brazilian music, mainly from Bahia, as a theme.

The museum was open from Monday to Saturday from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, until March 2020, when it closed its doors because of the new coronavirus pandemic.